Silk painting is a step by step process involving resist and dyes. Resist is a substance that stops dye flow. Like watercolor, it can involve layering!
Step 1: Draw Pattern
Step 2: Trace pattern with colored resist. This is called fencing. You can mix dyes with clear resist to make any color.
Step 3: Use dye to fill in the spaces between resist. Dye diluted with water will create lighter shades. The dye will not pass beyond the resist (its "fenced" in).
Step 4: Wrap the scarves in aluminum foil and steam (using a tamale cooker, for example) for three hours. Wash, air dry, and iron.